Boning
Boning

Boning

Medic
Medic

Medic

Battlefield 1
Battlefield 1

Battlefield 1

Auring
Auring

Auring

serve
 serve

serve

medication
 medication

medication

layed
layed

layed

hai
hai

hai

love it
love it

love it

comming
comming

comming

🔥 | Latest

Facebook, Omg, and Saw: Red @redgermz Saw this on Facebook and sent it to my brother, who is a pharmacist. Unsa man na b 10:29 AM Paracetamol OMG cfluffiness Medical Terms abscess nephritis cornea utaneous abdominal nephrosis adrenalin debility neuralgia allergic diabetes neuritis anesthesia eczema neurosis angina edema occlusion aorta embolism orthopedic arteriosclerosis Qr esophagus palsy gallbladder arthritis pancreas gynecology asthma pediatrics atrophied peritoneum hemorrhage - Cf atrophy hepatitis pernicious hysterotomy bacilli phlebitis 6 bacillus impetigo pituitary inoperable peo bacteria purulent biopsy intravenous red blood cells leukemia blood count septicemia leukocytosis blood vessel therapy bronchitis lymphatic フ thyroid cardiac malignancy e tonsillitis cataract malignant tuberculosis cerebrl metabolism ulna colitis mucus vascular Someone in facebook also posted this too xmagnet-o Omg halcyonjester Mediglyphics klubbhead This shit's infuriating pseudonymsobriquet Oh, this is a type of shorthand! There are 3 main types, but from my research, this looks to be American Gregg Shorthand. A O aths H. emamage 7 C I . E o F tubercalasis As you can see, there are set symbols for every letter Let's break one of the words down: atrophied O o P atrophied Using the Gregg Alphabet as reference, we can see most of the letters in "atrophied" are present. But why no "o" vowel, and why is "ph" written as "f"? Simple. In shorthand, you cut out all vowels in a word when writing it down, with the exception of words that BEGIN or END with a vowel (hence the "a" at the start being present), or like in the "I" in "atrophied", to make it more readable when the sound could be harder to distinguish if it isn't written. In "atrophied" if the the "i" isn't written, it could be hard to tell if the writer meant a "fud", "fad", "fod" or "fid" sound, for example. Also, since Shorthand is a phonetic writing system, you are encouraged to write down the phonetic sounds of words rather than the actual letter blends in this case, write an "f" instead of a "ph" So in actuality, these aren't just meaningless scribbles -it's Gregg Shorthand, a writing system developed to take down notes more quickly than when written out in full, which is very useful in a medical or journalistic environment Some people can even write over 100 words in a minute! And, it's been in use since John Robert Gregg invented it in 1888! Wow! So old! Isn't language amazing ? r4cs0 darkvioletcloud I'm gonna go back in time and kill John Robert Gregg 1 N
Facebook, Omg, and Saw: Red
 @redgermz
 Saw this on Facebook and sent it to
 my brother, who is a pharmacist.
 Unsa man na b
 10:29 AM
 Paracetamol
 OMG
 cfluffiness
 Medical Terms
 abscess
 nephritis
 cornea
 utaneous
 abdominal
 nephrosis
 adrenalin
 debility
 neuralgia
 allergic
 diabetes
 neuritis
 anesthesia
 eczema
 neurosis
 angina
 edema
 occlusion
 aorta
 embolism
 orthopedic
 arteriosclerosis Qr
 esophagus
 palsy
 gallbladder
 arthritis
 pancreas
 gynecology
 asthma
 pediatrics
 atrophied
 peritoneum
 hemorrhage -
 Cf
 atrophy
 hepatitis
 pernicious
 hysterotomy
 bacilli
 phlebitis
 6
 bacillus
 impetigo
 pituitary
 inoperable
 peo
 bacteria
 purulent
 biopsy
 intravenous
 red blood cells
 leukemia
 blood count
 septicemia
 leukocytosis
 blood vessel
 therapy
 bronchitis
 lymphatic
 フ thyroid
 cardiac
 malignancy
 e
 tonsillitis
 cataract
 malignant
 tuberculosis
 cerebrl
 metabolism
 ulna
 colitis
 mucus
 vascular
 Someone in facebook also posted this too
 xmagnet-o
 Omg
 halcyonjester
 Mediglyphics
 klubbhead
 This shit's infuriating
 pseudonymsobriquet
 Oh, this is a type of shorthand!
 There are 3 main types, but from my research,
 this looks to be American Gregg Shorthand.
 A O
 aths
 H.
 emamage 7
 C
 I .
 E o
 F
 tubercalasis
 As you can see, there are set symbols for every
 letter
 Let's break one of the words down:
 atrophied
 O o
 P
 atrophied
 Using the Gregg Alphabet as reference, we can
 see most of the letters in "atrophied" are
 present. But why no "o" vowel, and why is "ph"
 written as "f"?
 Simple. In shorthand, you cut out all vowels in a
 word when writing it down, with the exception of
 words that BEGIN or END with a vowel (hence
 the "a" at the start being present), or like in the
 "I" in "atrophied", to make it more readable when
 the sound could be harder to distinguish if it
 isn't written. In "atrophied" if the the "i" isn't
 written, it could be hard to tell if the writer
 meant a "fud", "fad", "fod" or "fid" sound, for
 example.
 Also, since Shorthand is a phonetic writing
 system, you are encouraged to write down the
 phonetic sounds of words rather than the actual
 letter blends in this case, write an "f" instead of
 a "ph"
 So in actuality, these aren't just meaningless
 scribbles -it's Gregg Shorthand, a writing
 system developed to take down notes more
 quickly than when written out in full, which is
 very useful in a medical or journalistic
 environment
 Some people can even write over 100 words in
 a minute! And, it's been in use since John
 Robert Gregg invented it in 1888! Wow! So old!
 Isn't language amazing ?
 r4cs0
 darkvioletcloud
 I'm gonna go back in time and kill John Robert
 Gregg
 1
 N

Crime, Facts, and Guns: New Zealand POLICE Ngs Piihimana O Aetearo NOTICE TO SURRENDER AIRGUN OR ANTIQUE FIREARM To Of Adam John HOLLAND Queenstown PURSUANT TO SECTION 41, ARMS ACT 1983 1, Inspector Olaf Karl Jensen, a Commissioned Officer of Police, hereby give notice that in my opinion you are not a fit and proper person to be in possession of an airgun or an antique firearm. Police are currently holding the following described airguns. 1 x Ruger Blackhawk .177 calibre Air rifle 1 x Hatsun Striker 177 calibre Air Rifle You may within three months after the date of this Notice or such longer period as the Commissioner of Police may allow, sell or otherwise dispose of any airgun or antique firearm owned by you to a person approved for this purpose by a member of the Police. antique firearms delivered to a member of the Police may be as the Commissioner of Police thinks fit, or may, in the discretion Failing that, all airguns detained for such a period of the Minister of Police, become the property of the Crown, free and discharged from all right, title or interest possess in respect thereof by any person. or You may by way of origination application, appeal to a District Court Judge against this Notice. (Section 62, Arms Act 1983 refers). My reason for this decision is as follows: 1. I do not believe you to be a fit and proper person to be in possession of an airgun. 2. Police hold serious concerns regarding your mental and emotional wellbeing. Should you wish me to review my decision or you dispute the facts you may make written submissions or arrange an appointment with me within two weeks of the date of this notice. Any submissions you do make must be accompanied by a letter from a medical practitioner attesting to your mental and emotional wellbeing at this time. stor Dated at this of 20 Commissioned Officer of Police prolifeproliberty: cominuteman: strict-constitutionalist: whiskey-gunpowder: weatherman667: whiskey-gunpowder: we’re not coming for your guns…. we just want the military grade assault fully semi-automatic weapon of wars off the street… now turn in your airgun “…in my opinion you are not a fit and proper person to be in possession…” They have the right to unilaterally decide who has the right to own firearms. this is the end game for the red flag laws. a deranged leftist’s opinion saying your unfit. and to those in the notes asking what made him unfit… the thought crime of supporting POTUS.  This isn’t the end game. It’s the first step on the way to the end game. You’re delusional if you think the agenda stops there. Look at Europe if you want to know what the goal is They obviously had to have gun registration for them to know exactly what guns he owned. First registration followed by confiscation. This is why we don’t let terrorists dictate our laws.
Crime, Facts, and Guns: New Zealand
 POLICE
 Ngs Piihimana O Aetearo
 NOTICE TO SURRENDER AIRGUN OR ANTIQUE FIREARM
 To
 Of
 Adam John HOLLAND
 Queenstown
 PURSUANT TO SECTION 41, ARMS ACT 1983
 1, Inspector Olaf Karl Jensen, a Commissioned Officer of Police, hereby give notice that in
 my opinion you are not a fit and proper person to be in possession of an airgun or an antique
 firearm. Police are currently holding the following described airguns.
 1 x Ruger Blackhawk .177 calibre Air rifle
 1 x Hatsun Striker 177 calibre Air Rifle
 You may within three months after the date of this Notice or such longer period as the
 Commissioner of Police may allow, sell or otherwise dispose of any airgun or antique firearm
 owned by you to a person approved for this purpose by a member of the Police.
 antique firearms delivered to a member of the Police may be
 as the Commissioner of Police thinks fit, or may, in the discretion
 Failing that, all airguns
 detained for such a period
 of the Minister of Police, become the property of the Crown, free and discharged from all
 right, title or interest possess in respect thereof by any person.
 or
 You may by way of origination application, appeal to a District Court Judge against this
 Notice. (Section 62, Arms Act 1983 refers).
 My reason for this decision is as follows:
 1. I do not believe you to be a fit and proper person to be in possession of an airgun.
 2. Police hold serious concerns
 regarding your mental and emotional wellbeing.
 Should you wish me to review my decision or you dispute the facts you may make written
 submissions or arrange an appointment with me within two weeks of the date of this notice.
 Any submissions you do make must be accompanied by a letter from a medical
 practitioner attesting to your mental and emotional wellbeing at this time.
 stor
 Dated at
 this
 of
 20
 Commissioned Officer of Police
prolifeproliberty:
cominuteman:

strict-constitutionalist:


whiskey-gunpowder:


weatherman667:

whiskey-gunpowder:
we’re not coming for your guns…. we just want the military grade assault fully semi-automatic weapon of wars off the street… now turn in your airgun
“…in my opinion you are not a fit and proper person to be in possession…”
They have the right to unilaterally decide who has the right to own firearms.

this is the end game for the red flag laws. a deranged leftist’s opinion saying your unfit. and to those in the notes asking what made him unfit… the thought crime of supporting POTUS. 


This isn’t the end game. It’s the first step on the way to the end game. You’re delusional if you think the agenda stops there. Look at Europe if you want to know what the goal is


They obviously had to have gun registration for them to know exactly what guns he owned.  First registration followed by confiscation.


This is why we don’t let terrorists dictate our laws.

prolifeproliberty: cominuteman: strict-constitutionalist: whiskey-gunpowder: weatherman667: whiskey-gunpowder: we’re not coming for yo...

Family, Iphone, and Tumblr: FOX FOX 5 DC 5 @fox5dc THIS IS AWESOME! Two-year-old Logan Moore needs a walker to get around but his family didn't know if insurance would cover for one, so his local Home Depot found parts to make it themselves. MORE: bit.ly/2YTichw 10:33 AM May 28, 2019 from Washington, DC Twitter Web Client 15.6K Likes 2.6K Retweets Abbi Brown @AbbiSigns To be clear: a disabled child having to use a makeshift walker built out of cheap DIY materials instead of an appropriate walking aid designed and fitted by qualified medical professionals is not awesome. It's a travesty FOX @fox5dc May 28 5 FOX 5 DС THIS IS AWESOME! Two-year-old Logan Moore needs a walker to get around but his family didn't know if insurance would cover for one, so his local Home Depot found parts to make it themselves. MORE: bit.ly/2YTichw 8:49 AM May 29, 2019 Twitter for iPhone 28.5K Likes 8.5K Retweets godloveyell: thatpettyblackgirl: Any government or system that wouldn’t give this poor kid a walker for free should be overthrown And assuming that this DIY one is perfectly capable, if an acceptable one can be slapped together with parts found at the local Home Depot, maybe we need to ask why insurance corporations are charging so much for one in the first place. Once we no longer have to support a handful of parasitic billionaires, medical costs would drop greatly.
Family, Iphone, and Tumblr: FOX
 FOX 5 DC
 5
 @fox5dc
 THIS IS AWESOME! Two-year-old
 Logan Moore needs a walker to get
 around but his family didn't know if
 insurance would cover for one, so his
 local Home Depot found parts to
 make it themselves.
 MORE:
 bit.ly/2YTichw
 10:33 AM May 28, 2019 from Washington, DC Twitter
 Web Client
 15.6K Likes
 2.6K Retweets

 Abbi Brown
 @AbbiSigns
 To be clear: a disabled child having to
 use a makeshift walker built out of
 cheap DIY materials instead of an
 appropriate walking aid designed and
 fitted by qualified medical
 professionals is not awesome. It's a
 travesty
 FOX
 @fox5dc May 28
 5 FOX 5 DС
 THIS IS AWESOME! Two-year-old Logan Moore needs
 a walker to get around but his family didn't know if
 insurance would cover for one, so his local Home
 Depot found parts to make it themselves.
 MORE: bit.ly/2YTichw
 8:49 AM May 29, 2019 Twitter for iPhone
 28.5K Likes
 8.5K Retweets
godloveyell:

thatpettyblackgirl:

Any government or system that wouldn’t give this poor kid a walker for free should be overthrown


And assuming that this DIY one is perfectly capable, if an acceptable one can be slapped together with parts found at the local Home Depot, maybe we need to ask why insurance corporations are charging so much for one in the first place. 
Once we no longer have to support a handful of parasitic billionaires, medical costs would drop greatly.

godloveyell: thatpettyblackgirl: Any government or system that wouldn’t give this poor kid a walker for free should be overthrown And as...

Gif, Life, and Target: nicky @tropicocunt me to my dentist when I have a cavity: are you mad at me : 11/21/18, 2:57 PM mynameiskleio: digitaldancin: realityremedy: ellieisnotoldyet: I’ve been reading through the notes and I just have to say that I absolutely promise, promise, promise you that nobody in the dental surgery is there to judge you, and we’re certainly not mad at you. Cavities happen. Even to dentists. You think your dentist has a mouth full of virgin teeth? Unlikely! They’ve all visited eachother’s surgeries to get a quickie filling (ooh, saucy) between patients. They understand that life can get in the way of oral hygiene sometimes. They understand that life’s too short not to eat chocolate. They understand that you’ve got to live. I swear to you that everyone in that room is just there to help you. Please, please, please don’t stop going to the dentist because you’re worried they’ll be mad at you. It’s really not the case. They understand. It’s fine. It’s really, really fine. Please go to the dentist. I promise you it’s ok. You would not believe how comforting this is. Also, it could be genetic, result of severe stress, or short-term / long-term illnesses. Certain medical conditions like pregnancy and chronic pain fuck with your teeth. And don’t get me started on the criminal state of dental coverage in the US.
Gif, Life, and Target: nicky
 @tropicocunt
 me to my dentist when I have a cavity:
 are you mad at me :
 11/21/18, 2:57 PM
mynameiskleio:

digitaldancin:

realityremedy:

ellieisnotoldyet:
I’ve been reading through the notes and I just have to say that I absolutely promise, promise, promise you that nobody in the dental surgery is there to judge you, and we’re certainly not mad at you. Cavities happen. Even to dentists. You think your dentist has a mouth full of virgin teeth? Unlikely! They’ve all visited  eachother’s surgeries to get a quickie filling (ooh, saucy) between patients. They understand that life can get in the way of oral hygiene sometimes. They understand that life’s too short not to eat chocolate. They understand that you’ve got to live. I swear to you that everyone in that room is just there to help you. Please, please, please don’t stop going to the dentist because you’re worried they’ll be mad at you. It’s really not the case. They understand. It’s fine. It’s really, really fine. Please go to the dentist. I promise you it’s ok. 

You would not believe how comforting this is. 



Also, it could be genetic, result of severe stress, or short-term / long-term illnesses. Certain medical conditions like pregnancy and chronic pain fuck with your teeth. 

And don’t get me started on the criminal state of dental coverage in the US.

mynameiskleio: digitaldancin: realityremedy: ellieisnotoldyet: I’ve been reading through the notes and I just have to say that I absolute...

Alive, Animals, and Cats: Meg OVeganMegane Vegans who feed their pets meat: u guys have gotta see the bigger picture. We shouldn't support animal exploitation w/ our money That's it. 7/13/16, 10:50 PM aer @thelilmermade @VeganMegane yes um so how would I feed my cat? 7/13/16, 11:02 PM lI VIEW TWEET ACTIVITY Meg @VeganMegane @thelilmermade is your cat male or 7m female? :) check out this website for more info: vegancats.com/ veganfaq.php Meg @VeganMegane @thelilmermade I know you want to best for your companion, and I won't deny that there are risks, but you can minimise those risks! 5m someoneintheshadow456: nautica-the-savant: marbledmartin: thegrumpymathematician: nunyabizni: sarcasmsuitsme: skypig357: iswearimnotnaked: hi hello CATS!!!! CANNOT!!!! BE VEGAN!!!!! i cannot believe i have to fucking say this. dogs are omnivore and IF YOUR VET APPROVES your pooch MAY be able to go on an APPROVED(!!!!!) commercial vegan dog food like the brand “v-dog” which has all the essential vitamins, protein, etc. (the oldest record winning dogs have been vegan) cats are CARNIVORE and cannot fucking live on a vegan diet. a vet would laugh in your face and probably find some way to have your pet taken away from you because you’re obviously not fit to have an animal if you think you can feed a cat a diet based on your own ethics i’m vegan but this is so fucking harmful. it’s about minimizing your harm, not putting your animals on risky diets in an attempt to be perfect. DON’T FUCKING DO THIS TO YOUR PETS Idiot people If you see someone you know doing this, report them for animal cruelty and neglect. ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ This posts, and many of the notes on it, are bothering me. Ladies, gentlemen, esteemed colleagues from outside the confines of the gender binary; gather ‘round. Let’s throw some science in this joint. 1. Humans. Humans are not cats. Humans are not dogs. One would think this obvious, but people have a tendency to attempt such interspecies comparisons when discussing diet. Humans are order omnivora; we have essentially evolved in a manner that attempts to give us as much dietary flexibility as possible. We do, however, require a substance called B12 (or cobalamin), which is extremely important for brain and nervous system functions, as well as the synthesis of DNA and the construction of red blood cells. We cannot produce this vitamin ourselves–no animal, plant, or fungus can. The enzymes used in cobalamin production are essentially unique to bacteria and archaea–some species of which hang out in the digestive tracks of other animals. We get cobalamin in a roundabout way from fish, shellfish, meat, eggs, milk, and dairy products. While there is no naturally-occurring, vegan source of the vitamin that has been demonstrated effective in a human study of statistically significant sample size, effective synthetic forms do exist and can be used as a substitute.  Cyanocobalamin is one of the most common and is frequently found in fortified foods and vitamins. In short: Humans are omnivores. Humans have evolved for dietary flexibility, including viable vegetarianism. Humans did not evolve for veganism (be extremely suspicious of people who tell you that we did, as they are lying), but due to modern technologies, veganism is also a viable diet that humans can thrive on, should they so choose. 2. Cats. Cats are order carnivora. Cats require (amongst other things) an amino acid called taurine. We’re not quite sure how, exactly, but we know that it’s extremely important to feline heart wall tissue, retinal tissue, and brain tissue amongst other things. Cats cannot manufacture their own taurine, and must get it from other sources–primarily shellfish, fish and meat. Taurine breaks down when heated, so feeding your cat a home-cooked diet rich in this foods is also not necessarily a good idea (talk to a vet). Secondary (read: SUPPLEMENTARY. NOT A SOLE SOURCE OF TAURINE.) sources of taurine for cats include dairy, eggs, and seaweed- or yeast-based taurine supplements. In nature, cats don’t really need to worry about getting enough taurine, because (as you may have noticed), taurine sources are indeed the things that cats tend to catch and eat. However, a cat that lives in a human household is dependent on humans for food, and sometimes humans are utter fucktrucks. In short: Cats are obligate carnivores. Their primary source of nutrition is meat. They must eat meat, preferably as close to raw as possible. They have digestive tracks designed for digesting meat. There are vegan/vegetarian cat kibbles on the market. Do not buy them. Your cat is neither vegan nor vegetarian, and if you adjust their diet as if they were, you are a terrible person who is harming and possibly killing your pet. You suck. End of discussion. 3. Dogs. Dogs are slightly more nuanced here. They are facultative carnivores–meaning that they optimally should eat meat, but can survive on other things if resources are scare. Dogs also need the amino acid taurine, but can technically manufacture it themselves if the proper building blocks are in their diets. They also need vitamin D–D3 is preferable, but D2 can be used to some degree. Dogs are somewhere between us (the true omnivore) and the cat (the true carnivore). A vegan or vegetarian diet will keep a dog alive, certainly, but is unlikely to allow your pet to thrive as it lacks the recommended nutrients. You should probably be feeding your dog meat. The exception here–some dogs are allergic to conventional dog foods, or find symptoms of certain diseases alleviated by vegetarianism. In this case, a veterinarian (not you, layperson, I mean an actual trained veterinarian) may determine that the benefits of putting your dog on a vegetarian/vegan diet outweigh those of feeding your dog meat. This is relatively rare, but does occasionally happen. And no, actually, the oldest dog is not vegan–Bramble is the only dog on this list that I found had some indication of veganism. The oldest dog on record is an Australian Kelpie named Maggie, who was not vegan. It is more likely that Bramble lived that long despite the veganism, not because of it. In short: If a vet thinks that your dog may be allergic to dog food/require a special diet and recommends you try feeding it a vegetarian/vegan diet, listen to your vet. Otherwise? Dogs are carnivora. They do need vegetables and other sources of nutrients, but their optimal fuel, as it were, is meat. Your dog needs meat to be happy. Fucking feed your dog.  Now, I did manage to find two veterinarians who disagree with every other study I dug up and the American Veterinary Medical Association. Their articles are here and here. They don’t really have sources, and are essentially wholly dependent on anecdotal evidence (“my dog is a vegetarian and hasn’t died!”), but for those of you data cherry-pickers reading this, there you go.  As a rule, dogs and cats need meat. If that makes you uncomfortable, that is your problem, not theirs. If you try to implement a vegan or vegetarian diet for your pets because you implemented one for yourself, you shouldn’t have those pets. That is animal abuse. (By the way, those of you not feeding your cats and non-allergic dogs the food they need to survive and thrive? What the fuck is wrong with you? Do you not love your pets?) TL;DR If you do not want a pet that must be fed meat, you should under no circumstances acquire a cat or a dog. Thank you for your time. Rebloobing for the more detailed info on B12 and obligate carnivore vs true omnivores Always reblog. Dear Vegans, If you’re not willing to at least feed your dogs and cats commercial food, get a rabbit or a parrot.
Alive, Animals, and Cats: Meg
 OVeganMegane
 Vegans who feed their pets meat:
 u guys have gotta see the bigger
 picture. We shouldn't support
 animal exploitation w/ our money
 That's it.
 7/13/16, 10:50 PM

 aer
 @thelilmermade
 @VeganMegane yes um so how
 would I feed my cat?
 7/13/16, 11:02 PM
 lI VIEW TWEET ACTIVITY
 Meg @VeganMegane
 @thelilmermade is your cat male or
 7m
 female? :) check out this website for
 more info: vegancats.com/
 veganfaq.php

 Meg @VeganMegane
 @thelilmermade I know you want to
 best for your companion, and I
 won't deny that there are risks, but
 you can minimise those risks!
 5m
someoneintheshadow456:

nautica-the-savant:

marbledmartin:

thegrumpymathematician:

nunyabizni:

sarcasmsuitsme:

skypig357:

iswearimnotnaked:

hi hello CATS!!!! CANNOT!!!! BE VEGAN!!!!! 

i cannot believe i have to fucking say this. 

dogs are omnivore and IF YOUR VET APPROVES your pooch MAY be able to go on an APPROVED(!!!!!) commercial vegan dog food like the brand “v-dog” which has all the essential vitamins, protein, etc. (the oldest record winning dogs have been vegan) 

cats are CARNIVORE and cannot fucking live on a vegan diet. a vet would laugh in your face and probably find some way to have your pet taken away from you because you’re obviously not fit to have an animal if you think you can feed a cat a diet based on your own ethics 

i’m vegan but this is so fucking harmful. 

it’s about minimizing your harm, not putting your animals on risky diets in an attempt to be perfect. 

DON’T FUCKING DO THIS TO YOUR PETS

Idiot people

If you see someone you know doing this, report them for animal cruelty and neglect.

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^


This posts, and many of the notes on it, are bothering me. Ladies, gentlemen, esteemed colleagues from outside the confines of the gender binary; gather ‘round. Let’s throw some science in this joint.
1. Humans. Humans are not cats. Humans are not dogs. One would think this obvious, but people have a tendency to attempt such interspecies comparisons when discussing diet. Humans are order omnivora; we have essentially evolved in a manner that attempts to give us as much dietary flexibility as possible. We do, however, require a substance called B12 (or cobalamin), which is extremely important for brain and nervous system functions, as well as the synthesis of DNA and the construction of red blood cells. We cannot produce this vitamin ourselves–no animal, plant, or fungus can. The enzymes used in cobalamin production are essentially unique to bacteria and archaea–some species of which hang out in the digestive tracks of other animals. We get cobalamin in a roundabout way from fish, shellfish, meat, eggs, milk, and dairy products. While there is no naturally-occurring, vegan source of the vitamin that has been demonstrated effective in a human study of statistically significant sample size, effective synthetic forms do exist and can be used as a substitute.  Cyanocobalamin is one of the most common and is frequently found in fortified foods and vitamins. In short: Humans are omnivores. Humans have evolved for dietary flexibility, including viable vegetarianism. Humans did not evolve for veganism (be extremely suspicious of people who tell you that we did, as they are lying), but due to modern technologies, veganism is also a viable diet that humans can thrive on, should they so choose.
2. Cats. Cats are order carnivora. Cats require (amongst other things) an amino acid called taurine. We’re not quite sure how, exactly, but we know that it’s extremely important to feline heart wall tissue, retinal tissue, and brain tissue amongst other things. Cats cannot manufacture their own taurine, and must get it from other sources–primarily shellfish, fish and meat. Taurine breaks down when heated, so feeding your cat a home-cooked diet rich in this foods is also not necessarily a good idea (talk to a vet). Secondary (read: SUPPLEMENTARY. NOT A SOLE SOURCE OF TAURINE.) sources of taurine for cats include dairy, eggs, and seaweed- or yeast-based taurine supplements. In nature, cats don’t really need to worry about getting enough taurine, because (as you may have noticed), taurine sources are indeed the things that cats tend to catch and eat. However, a cat that lives in a human household is dependent on humans for food, and sometimes humans are utter fucktrucks. In short: Cats are obligate carnivores. Their primary source of nutrition is meat. They must eat meat, preferably as close to raw as possible. They have digestive tracks designed for digesting meat. There are vegan/vegetarian cat kibbles on the market. Do not buy them. Your cat is neither vegan nor vegetarian, and if you adjust their diet as if they were, you are a terrible person who is harming and possibly killing your pet. You suck. End of discussion.
3. Dogs. Dogs are slightly more nuanced here. They are facultative carnivores–meaning that they optimally should eat meat, but can survive on other things if resources are scare. Dogs also need the amino acid taurine, but can technically manufacture it themselves if the proper building blocks are in their diets. They also need vitamin D–D3 is preferable, but D2 can be used to some degree. Dogs are somewhere between us (the true omnivore) and the cat (the true carnivore). A vegan or vegetarian diet will keep a dog alive, certainly, but is unlikely to allow your pet to thrive as it lacks the recommended nutrients. You should probably be feeding your dog meat. The exception here–some dogs are allergic to conventional dog foods, or find symptoms of certain diseases alleviated by vegetarianism. In this case, a veterinarian (not you, layperson, I mean an actual trained veterinarian) may determine that the benefits of putting your dog on a vegetarian/vegan diet outweigh those of feeding your dog meat. This is relatively rare, but does occasionally happen. And no, actually, the oldest dog is not vegan–Bramble is the only dog on this list that I found had some indication of veganism. The oldest dog on record is an Australian Kelpie named Maggie, who was not vegan. It is more likely that Bramble lived that long despite the veganism, not because of it. In short: If a vet thinks that your dog may be allergic to dog food/require a special diet and recommends you try feeding it a vegetarian/vegan diet, listen to your vet. Otherwise? Dogs are carnivora. They do need vegetables and other sources of nutrients, but their optimal fuel, as it were, is meat. Your dog needs meat to be happy. Fucking feed your dog. 
Now, I did manage to find two veterinarians who disagree with every other study I dug up and the American Veterinary Medical Association. Their articles are here and here. They don’t really have sources, and are essentially wholly dependent on anecdotal evidence (“my dog is a vegetarian and hasn’t died!”), but for those of you data cherry-pickers reading this, there you go. 
As a rule, dogs and cats need meat. If that makes you uncomfortable, that is your problem, not theirs. If you try to implement a vegan or vegetarian diet for your pets because you implemented one for yourself, you shouldn’t have those pets. That is animal abuse. (By the way, those of you not feeding your cats and non-allergic dogs the food they need to survive and thrive? What the fuck is wrong with you? Do you not love your pets?)
TL;DR If you do not want a pet that must be fed meat, you should under no circumstances acquire a cat or a dog. Thank you for your time.

Rebloobing for the more detailed info on B12 and obligate carnivore vs true omnivores


Always reblog. 

Dear Vegans,
If you’re not willing to at least feed your dogs and cats commercial food, get a rabbit or a parrot.

someoneintheshadow456: nautica-the-savant: marbledmartin: thegrumpymathematician: nunyabizni: sarcasmsuitsme: skypig357: iswearimnotn...