Are
Are

Are

Animasi
Animasi

Animasi

Giveaway
Giveaway

Giveaway

The
The

The

Trump Voters
Trump Voters

Trump Voters

this christmas
 this christmas

this christmas

look at you
 look at you

look at you

else
 else

else

rigged
rigged

rigged

ery
ery

ery

🔥 | Latest

coal: Coae bridgesinthesky: resonant-skeleton:“Future Coal” now that’s grimm @galactichaunts
coal: Coae
bridgesinthesky:

resonant-skeleton:“Future Coal” now that’s grimm

@galactichaunts

bridgesinthesky: resonant-skeleton:“Future Coal” now that’s grimm @galactichaunts

coal: TIME SUBSCRIBE SCIENCE Manatees Are No Longer Listed as Endangered Species Dank Coal Sijposting MANITY RESTORED feanor-the-dragon: ginchface: positive-memes: Wholesome Manatees this is actually bullshit trump administration deregulation, the manatee is still in danger. in fact, the trump administration recently weakened the endangered species act in general so that people now have to consider the financial cost of saving a species that may or may not be declared endangered.  remember that an endangered species isn’t governed by like the UN or something, it’s an invention of the american government to protect at-risk species—and they’re redefining what an endangered species actually is, so people don’t have to consider them anymore. they’re redefining what an endangered species actually is, so people don’t have to consider them anymore. Guys! Guys guys guys! WHAT THE F*CK THIS IS THE VERSION YOU NEED TO REBLOG. Here is a link with more recent info. the article linked by previous person was from 2017. This one is from this year and highlights the changes and effects. And here is the official release The biggest change is that protections will be given based on economic considerations. Allegedly, this is to reduce the burden on the american public, which is funny, considering certain things we won’t unpack right here. Have a look, see for yourself. Guys, boost this.
coal: TIME
 SUBSCRIBE
 SCIENCE
 Manatees Are No
 Longer Listed as
 Endangered Species
 Dank Coal
 Sijposting
 MANITY RESTORED
feanor-the-dragon:

ginchface:

positive-memes:
Wholesome Manatees
this is actually bullshit trump administration deregulation, the manatee is still in danger.
in fact, the trump administration recently weakened the endangered species act in general so that people now have to consider the financial cost of saving a species that may or may not be declared endangered. 
remember that an endangered species isn’t governed by like the UN or something, it’s an invention of the american government to protect at-risk species—and they’re redefining what an endangered species actually is, so people don’t have to consider them anymore.

they’re redefining what an endangered species actually is, so people don’t have to consider them anymore.  
Guys! Guys guys guys! WHAT THE F*CK THIS IS THE VERSION YOU NEED TO REBLOG.
Here is a link with more recent info. the article linked by previous person was from 2017. This one is from this year and highlights the changes and effects.
And here is the official release
The biggest change is that protections will be given based on economic considerations. Allegedly, this is to reduce the burden on the american public, which is funny, considering certain things we won’t unpack right here. Have a look, see for yourself.
Guys, boost this.

feanor-the-dragon: ginchface: positive-memes: Wholesome Manatees this is actually bullshit trump administration deregulation, the manat...

coal: REI TILtilthat I L TIL that Spain had a king who was so malformed due to incest that he couldn't close his mouth and ended up destroying his entire dynasty via ift.tt neeetsocks thats just how spaniards be whittneydoll hey lil mama lemme whisper in ya ear friendly-neighborhood-patriarch the monumental ugliness of El Hechizado always astonishes me nunyabizni The Hapsburg's were a unique bunch weren't they nobodys-favorite-machinist The Ancestry of King Charles II of Spain (1661-1700) Philip of Castile (1478-1505) Joanna of Castile (1479-1555) Charles V. Holy Roman Emperor (1500-58) Isabella of Portugal (1503-39) Isabella of Burgundy (1501-26 Anna of Bohemia and Hungary (1503-47 Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (1503-64) Christian I of Denmark (1481-1559) Philip of Spain (1527-96) Christina of Denmark (1522-90) Anne of Albert V, Duke Habsburg of Bavaria (1528-90) (1528-79) Mana of Spain (1528-1603) Charles of Austria (1540-90) Maximillan II, Holy Roman Emperor (1527-76) Francis 1, Duke of Lorraine (1517-45 Anne of Austria (1549-80) Maria Anna of Bavaria (1551-1608) Renata of Lorraine (1544-1602) William V, Duke of Bavaria (1548-1626) Margarita of Austria (1584-1611) Philip I of Spain (1578-1621) Maria Anna of Bavaria Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (1578-1637) (1574-1616 Maria Anna of Spain (1606-46 Philip V of Spain (1605-65) Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (1608-57) Manana of Austria (1634-96 Charles l of Spain (1661-1700) His family tree was a fucking Christmas wreath. his body "did not contain a single drop of blood his heart was the size of a peppercorn short lame, epileptic senile his lungs corroded: his intestines rotten and gangrenous; completely bald before 35 he had a single testicle, black as coal, always on the verge of death, he repeatedly bafled Christendom by continuing to live his head was ul fwater In case you wanted to know what his coroner thought of him. Spanish History: 30 Times Tumblr Accidentally Taught Me Something While Making Me Laugh
coal: REI
 TILtilthat
 I L
 TIL that Spain had a king who was so malformed
 due to incest that he couldn't close his mouth and
 ended up destroying his entire dynasty
 via ift.tt
 neeetsocks
 thats just how spaniards be
 whittneydoll
 hey lil mama lemme whisper in ya ear
 friendly-neighborhood-patriarch
 the monumental ugliness of El Hechizado always
 astonishes me
 nunyabizni
 The Hapsburg's were a unique bunch weren't they
 nobodys-favorite-machinist
 The Ancestry of King Charles II of Spain
 (1661-1700)
 Philip of Castile
 (1478-1505)
 Joanna of Castile
 (1479-1555)
 Charles V. Holy
 Roman Emperor
 (1500-58)
 Isabella of
 Portugal
 (1503-39)
 Isabella of
 Burgundy
 (1501-26
 Anna of Bohemia
 and Hungary
 (1503-47
 Ferdinand I, Holy
 Roman Emperor
 (1503-64)
 Christian I
 of Denmark
 (1481-1559)
 Philip
 of Spain
 (1527-96)
 Christina of
 Denmark
 (1522-90)
 Anne of Albert V, Duke
 Habsburg of Bavaria
 (1528-90) (1528-79)
 Mana of
 Spain
 (1528-1603)
 Charles
 of Austria
 (1540-90)
 Maximillan II, Holy
 Roman Emperor
 (1527-76)
 Francis 1, Duke
 of Lorraine
 (1517-45
 Anne of
 Austria
 (1549-80)
 Maria Anna
 of Bavaria
 (1551-1608)
 Renata of
 Lorraine
 (1544-1602)
 William V, Duke
 of Bavaria
 (1548-1626)
 Margarita of
 Austria
 (1584-1611)
 Philip I
 of Spain
 (1578-1621)
 Maria Anna
 of Bavaria
 Ferdinand II, Holy
 Roman Emperor
 (1578-1637)
 (1574-1616
 Maria Anna
 of Spain
 (1606-46
 Philip V
 of Spain
 (1605-65)
 Ferdinand III, Holy
 Roman Emperor
 (1608-57)
 Manana of
 Austria
 (1634-96
 Charles l of Spain
 (1661-1700)
 His family tree was a fucking Christmas wreath.
 his body "did not contain a single drop of blood
 his heart was the size of a peppercorn
 short
 lame, epileptic
 senile
 his lungs corroded:
 his intestines rotten and
 gangrenous;
 completely bald before 35
 he had a single testicle,
 black as coal,
 always on the verge of death,
 he
 repeatedly bafled Christendom by
 continuing to
 live
 his head was ul fwater
 In case you wanted to know what his coroner
 thought of him.
Spanish History: 30 Times Tumblr Accidentally Taught Me Something While Making Me Laugh

Spanish History: 30 Times Tumblr Accidentally Taught Me Something While Making Me Laugh

coal: trans-coal: how to cake Why is the bread so badly shaped
coal: trans-coal:

how to cake

Why is the bread so badly shaped

trans-coal: how to cake Why is the bread so badly shaped

coal: Stavanger Eldar Setre (Equinor) Grethe Moen (Petoro) THE DECOLONIAL ATLAS Copenhagen Søren Skou (Maersk) Calgary Doug Suttles (Encana) Rob Peabody (Husky Energy) Steve Williams (Suncor) Donald Lindsay (Teck) Tim Mckay (Canadian Natural) Moscow Alexey Miler (Gazprom Igor Sechin (Rosneft) Vagit Alekperov (Lukoil) Vadimir Bogdanov (Surgutneftegas) Viadimir Rashevsky (SUEK) Almetyevsk Tarko-Sale Surgut Leonid Mikhelson (Novatek) Vancouver Den Haag Ben van Beurden (Royal Dutch Shell) Nail Maganov (Tatneft) Ekibastuz Nikolay Korsakov (Bogatyr Komir) Katowice Krzysztof Sedakowski (Polska Grupa G Findlay Colin Marshall (Cloud Peak Energy) Gary Heminger (Marathon) Cleveland Gillette Pyongyang London Bob Dudey (BPy Jean-Sábastien Jacques (Rio Tinto) bae(KazMunayGas) Beijing Mun Myong-hak (Ministry of Coal) Dai Houliang (Sinopec) Li Fanrong (CNOOC) Ling Wen (China Energy) Zhang Jianhua (CNPC) Sauat Mynbayev (KazMunayGas) New York Alfred Rankin (NACCOohn Hess (Hess) Karviná Boleslav Kowalczyk (OKD) K TEK) Ashgabat Omaha Denver Michael Hutchinson (Westmoreland Coal) St LouRobert Murray (Mumray Energy) Glenn Kellow (Peabody) Essen Rolf Martin Schmitz (RWE) Pittsburgh John Eaves (Arch Coa Nicholas Delulis (Consol Energy) Kingsport David Stetson (Alpha Natural Resources) Ashirguli Begliyev (TurkmenGaz) Dovletdurdy Hadzhyev (Turkmennebit) Tehran Masoud Karbasian (National Iranian Oil) Baghdad Tokyo Shunichi Nakaigawa (Inpex) Bay Area Mike Wirth (Chevron) Paris Tulsa Patrick Pouyanné (Total) Joseph Craft (Alliance Resource Partners) Oklahoma City David Hager (Devon Energy) Doug Lawler (Chesapeake Energy) El Dorado Vienna Zürich Rainer Seele (OMV) Ivan Glasenberg (Glencore) Jabbar Al-luiebi (Iraq National Oil) Dallas Roger Jenkins (Murphy O) Curtis Morgan (Vistra Energy) Darren Woods (ExonMobil) Delhi Kuwait City Shashi Shankar (ONGC) Birmingham Michael Tracy (Drummond) Damascus Hashem Hashem (KPC) Kolkata Roma Wase Al-Himed (SPC) Abu Dhabi Madrid Josu lmaz (Repsol) Claudio Descalzi (Enl Anil Kumar Jha (Coal India) Houston ) Dammam Ahmed Al Jaber (ADNOC) Amin Nasser (Saudi Aramco) Kothagudem Corbin Robertson (Natural Resource Partners) David Stover (Noble Energy) John Christmann (Apache) Muscat Algiers Rachid Hachichi (Sonatrach) Bangkok Somruedee Chaimongkol (Banpu) Bahrain Raoul Restucci (PDO) Sni Sridhar (SCCL) México Octavio Romero (Pemex) AWalker (Anadarko Petroleum) Cairo Pete Bartiett (BAPCO) Tripoli Tarek El Molla (EGPC) Doha Ryan Lance (ConocoPhilips) Wiliam Way (Southwestern Energy) William Thomas (EOG Resources) Mustafa Sanalla (Libya NOC) Saad Sherida A-Kaabi (QP) Kuala Lumpur Wan Zulkiflee (Pefronas) Abuja Maikanti Baru (Nigerian National Petroleum) Caracas Bogotá Manuel Quevedo (Petróleos de Venezuela) Felipe Bayon (Ecopetrol) Quito Marcelo Proano (Petroecuador) Balikpapan Garibaldi Thohir (Adaro Energy) Palembang Luanda Carlos Saturnino (Sonangol) Arviyan Arifin (Bukit Asam) Jakarta Bob Kamandanu (Berau Coal Energy) Arsjad Rasjid (Indika Energy) Kurnia Ariawan (Kideco) Nicke Widyawati (Pertamina Saptari Hoedaja (Bumi Resources) Johannesburg-Pretoria Mark Cutifani (Anglo American) Mxolisi Mgojo (Exxaro) Stephen Comell (Sasol) Rio de Janeiro Roberto Castello Branco (Petrobras) Buenos Aires Daniel González (YPF) Melbourne Andrew Mackenzie (BHP) 100 companies are responsible for most of the world's greenhouse gas emissions These are the NAMES AND LOCATIONS of their executives Country sizes depict cumulative CO2 emissions from 1850-2011
coal: Stavanger
 Eldar Setre (Equinor)
 Grethe Moen (Petoro)
 THE
 DECOLONIAL
 ATLAS
 Copenhagen
 Søren Skou (Maersk)
 Calgary
 Doug Suttles (Encana)
 Rob Peabody (Husky Energy)
 Steve Williams (Suncor)
 Donald Lindsay (Teck) Tim Mckay (Canadian Natural)
 Moscow
 Alexey Miler (Gazprom
 Igor Sechin (Rosneft)
 Vagit Alekperov (Lukoil) Vadimir Bogdanov (Surgutneftegas)
 Viadimir Rashevsky (SUEK) Almetyevsk
 Tarko-Sale
 Surgut Leonid Mikhelson (Novatek)
 Vancouver
 Den Haag
 Ben van Beurden (Royal Dutch Shell)
 Nail Maganov (Tatneft)
 Ekibastuz
 Nikolay Korsakov (Bogatyr Komir)
 Katowice
 Krzysztof Sedakowski (Polska Grupa G
 Findlay
 Colin Marshall (Cloud Peak Energy) Gary Heminger (Marathon)
 Cleveland
 Gillette
 Pyongyang
 London
 Bob Dudey (BPy
 Jean-Sábastien Jacques (Rio Tinto)
 bae(KazMunayGas)
 Beijing Mun Myong-hak (Ministry of Coal)
 Dai Houliang (Sinopec)
 Li Fanrong (CNOOC)
 Ling Wen (China Energy)
 Zhang Jianhua (CNPC)
 Sauat Mynbayev (KazMunayGas)
 New York
 Alfred Rankin (NACCOohn Hess (Hess)
 Karviná
 Boleslav Kowalczyk (OKD) K TEK) Ashgabat
 Omaha
 Denver
 Michael Hutchinson (Westmoreland Coal) St LouRobert Murray (Mumray Energy)
 Glenn Kellow (Peabody)
 Essen
 Rolf Martin Schmitz (RWE)
 Pittsburgh
 John Eaves (Arch Coa Nicholas Delulis (Consol Energy)
 Kingsport
 David Stetson (Alpha Natural Resources)
 Ashirguli Begliyev (TurkmenGaz)
 Dovletdurdy Hadzhyev (Turkmennebit)
 Tehran
 Masoud Karbasian (National Iranian Oil)
 Baghdad
 Tokyo
 Shunichi Nakaigawa (Inpex)
 Bay Area
 Mike Wirth (Chevron)
 Paris
 Tulsa
 Patrick Pouyanné (Total)
 Joseph Craft (Alliance Resource Partners)
 Oklahoma City
 David Hager (Devon Energy)
 Doug Lawler (Chesapeake Energy) El Dorado
 Vienna
 ZĂĽrich Rainer Seele (OMV)
 Ivan Glasenberg (Glencore) Jabbar Al-luiebi (Iraq National Oil)
 Dallas Roger Jenkins (Murphy O)
 Curtis Morgan (Vistra Energy)
 Darren Woods (ExonMobil)
 Delhi
 Kuwait City Shashi Shankar (ONGC)
 Birmingham
 Michael Tracy (Drummond)
 Damascus Hashem Hashem (KPC)
 Kolkata
 Roma Wase Al-Himed (SPC)
 Abu Dhabi
 Madrid
 Josu lmaz (Repsol) Claudio Descalzi (Enl
 Anil Kumar Jha (Coal India)
 Houston
 )
 Dammam Ahmed Al Jaber (ADNOC)
 Amin Nasser (Saudi Aramco)
 Kothagudem
 Corbin Robertson (Natural Resource Partners)
 David Stover (Noble Energy)
 John Christmann (Apache)
 Muscat
 Algiers
 Rachid Hachichi (Sonatrach)
 Bangkok
 Somruedee Chaimongkol (Banpu)
 Bahrain Raoul Restucci (PDO) Sni Sridhar (SCCL)
 MĂ©xico
 Octavio Romero (Pemex) AWalker (Anadarko Petroleum)
 Cairo Pete Bartiett (BAPCO)
 Tripoli Tarek El Molla (EGPC) Doha
 Ryan Lance (ConocoPhilips)
 Wiliam Way (Southwestern Energy)
 William Thomas (EOG Resources)
 Mustafa Sanalla (Libya NOC)
 Saad Sherida A-Kaabi (QP)
 Kuala Lumpur
 Wan Zulkiflee (Pefronas)
 Abuja
 Maikanti Baru (Nigerian National Petroleum)
 Caracas
 Bogotá Manuel Quevedo (Petróleos de Venezuela)
 Felipe Bayon (Ecopetrol)
 Quito
 Marcelo Proano (Petroecuador)
 Balikpapan
 Garibaldi Thohir (Adaro Energy)
 Palembang
 Luanda
 Carlos Saturnino (Sonangol)
 Arviyan Arifin (Bukit Asam)
 Jakarta
 Bob Kamandanu (Berau Coal Energy)
 Arsjad Rasjid (Indika Energy)
 Kurnia Ariawan (Kideco)
 Nicke Widyawati (Pertamina
 Saptari Hoedaja (Bumi Resources)
 Johannesburg-Pretoria
 Mark Cutifani (Anglo American)
 Mxolisi Mgojo (Exxaro)
 Stephen Comell (Sasol)
 Rio de Janeiro
 Roberto Castello Branco (Petrobras)
 Buenos Aires
 Daniel González (YPF)
 Melbourne
 Andrew Mackenzie (BHP)
 100 companies are responsible for most of the world's greenhouse gas emissions
 These are the NAMES AND LOCATIONS of their executives
 Country sizes depict cumulative CO2 emissions from 1850-2011
coal: Keaton Patti @KeatonPatti I forced a bot to watch over 1,000 hours of Trump rallies and then asked it to write a Trump rally of its own. Here is the first page TRUMP RALLY INT. BIG ARBY 'S IN SOUTH WYOMKLAHOMA PRESIDENT TRUMP forces himself on a podium PRESIDENT TRUMP I just had a phone call with the economy. Jobs poured out of the phone. Great jobs. Tall jobs. steve Jobs. All at Kinko's The crowd cheers. It is full of real Americans (man with hard hat, man with harder hat, gun that is alive) PRESIDENT TRUMP (CONT'D) The United Snakes is doing so good. other countries are on fire. All the people on fire. Hot fire too. Not us. Our flag is so beautiful. President Trump salutes a flag that says: ARBY'S FOOD IS FINE TO EAT. The crowd howls. They love this flag of America. PRESIDENT TRUMP (CONT'D) I signed a bill. No more swamp. Swamp gone. Swamp is in Mexico now. It's on fire. Great deal for us The crowd chants: FOUR MORE SWAMPS! FOUR MORE SWAMPS! PRESIDENT TRUMP (CONT D) Foreign powers cheat us Canada steals our milk. China steals our milk. We only had one glass of milk left! Obama drank it. Not fair The crowd b s. They wanted that milk PRESIDENT TRUMP (CONT'D) But like President Ronald Rogaine, I will bring back the milk! The crowd roars. They still want that milk PRESIDENT TRUMP (CONT'D) A wall of milk. No criminals get through. Democrats want criminals to have the milk. No way. Milk comes from coal. We'll dig it up. All of the words are mispronounced. The crowd cheers. They hate pronunciations. They love milk. They start digging
coal: Keaton Patti
 @KeatonPatti
 I forced a bot to watch over 1,000 hours
 of Trump rallies and then asked it to
 write a Trump rally of its own. Here is the
 first page
 TRUMP RALLY
 INT. BIG ARBY 'S IN SOUTH WYOMKLAHOMA
 PRESIDENT TRUMP forces himself on a podium
 PRESIDENT TRUMP
 I just had a phone call with the
 economy. Jobs poured out of the
 phone. Great jobs. Tall jobs. steve
 Jobs. All at Kinko's
 The crowd cheers. It is full of real Americans (man with hard
 hat, man with harder hat, gun that is alive)
 PRESIDENT TRUMP (CONT'D)
 The United Snakes is doing so good.
 other countries are on fire. All
 the people on fire. Hot fire too.
 Not us. Our flag is so beautiful.
 President Trump salutes a flag that says: ARBY'S FOOD IS FINE
 TO EAT. The crowd howls. They love this flag of America.
 PRESIDENT TRUMP (CONT'D)
 I signed a bill. No more swamp.
 Swamp gone. Swamp is in Mexico now.
 It's on fire. Great deal for us
 The crowd chants: FOUR MORE SWAMPS! FOUR MORE SWAMPS!
 PRESIDENT TRUMP (CONT D)
 Foreign powers cheat us Canada
 steals our milk. China steals our
 milk. We only had one glass of milk
 left! Obama drank it. Not fair
 The crowd b s. They wanted that milk
 PRESIDENT TRUMP (CONT'D)
 But like President Ronald Rogaine,
 I will bring back the milk!
 The crowd roars. They still want that milk
 PRESIDENT TRUMP (CONT'D)
 A wall of milk. No criminals get
 through. Democrats want criminals
 to have the milk. No way. Milk
 comes from coal. We'll dig it up.
 All of the words are mispronounced. The crowd cheers. They
 hate pronunciations. They love milk. They start digging
coal: Agriculture Nature bogleech: revretch: awed-frog: Prairies are some of the most endangered ecosystems in the world, with the tallgrass prairie being the most endangered. Only 1-4% of tallgrass prairie still exists. Prairies are critically important, not only for the unique biodiversity they possess, but for their effect on climate. The ability to store carbon is a valuable ecological service in today’s changing climate. Carbon, which is emitted both naturally and by human activities such as burning coal to create electricity, is a greenhouse gas that is increasing in the Earth’s atmosphere. Reports from the International Panel on Climate Change, a group of more than 2,000 climate scientists from around the world, agree that increased greenhouse gases are causing climate change, which is leading to sea level rise, higher temperatures, and altered rain patterns. Most of the prairie’s carbon sequestration happens below ground, where prairie roots can dig into the soil to depths up to 15 feet and more. Prairies can store much more carbon below ground than a forest can store above ground. In fact, the prairie was once the largest carbon sink in the world-much bigger than the Amazon rainforest-and its destruction has had devastating effects. [source] I just have to add–that extensive root system? It’s not just how the plant eats, and how it keeps itself from getting pulled out of the ground during storms, or dying when its aboveground portion is eaten… it’s how it talks to its friends and family, how it shares food with its friends and family, and more than likely, how it thinks. That’s a whole plant brain we’ve domesticated away, leaving a helpless organism that has trouble figuring out when it’s under attack by pests, what to do about it, has very little in the way of chemical defense so it can do something about it, and can’t even warn its neighbors. Even apart from the ecological concerns, what we’ve done is honestly pretty cruel. Here’s some more articles on this too!https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/may/02/plants-talk-to-each-other-through-their-rootshttp://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20141111-plants-have-a-hidden-internethttps://www.the-scientist.com/features/plant-talk-38209Whether or not you think this should qualify as a form of “intelligence” as we know it (which in itself as a pretty nebulous and poorly defined thing), plants exhibit complicated interactive behaviors that help them grow and thrive, and the way we harvest a lot of them for our produce just doesn’t even give them a chance to reach their maturity and begin trading nutrients the way they’re supposed to.
coal: Agriculture
 Nature
bogleech:

revretch:
awed-frog:



Prairies are some of the most endangered ecosystems in the world, with the tallgrass prairie being the most endangered. Only 1-4% of tallgrass prairie still exists. Prairies are critically important, not only for the unique biodiversity they possess, but for their effect on climate. The ability to store carbon is a valuable ecological service in today’s changing climate. Carbon, which is emitted both naturally and by human activities such as burning coal to create electricity, is a greenhouse gas that is increasing in the Earth’s atmosphere. Reports from the International Panel on Climate Change, a group of more than 2,000 climate scientists from around the world, agree that increased greenhouse gases are causing climate change, which is leading to sea level rise, higher temperatures, and altered rain patterns. Most of the prairie’s carbon sequestration happens below ground, where prairie roots can dig into the soil to depths up to 15 feet and more. Prairies can store much more carbon below ground than a forest can store above ground. In fact, the prairie was once the largest carbon sink in the world-much bigger than the Amazon rainforest-and its destruction has had devastating effects.


[source]

I just have to add–that extensive root system? It’s not just how the plant eats, and how it keeps itself from getting pulled out of the ground during storms, or dying when its aboveground portion is eaten… it’s how it talks to its friends and family, how it shares food with its friends and family, and more than likely, how it thinks. That’s a whole plant brain we’ve domesticated away, leaving a helpless organism that has trouble figuring out when it’s under attack by pests, what to do about it, has very little in the way of chemical defense so it can do something about it, and can’t even warn its neighbors. Even apart from the ecological concerns, what we’ve done is honestly pretty cruel.

Here’s some more articles on this too!https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/may/02/plants-talk-to-each-other-through-their-rootshttp://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20141111-plants-have-a-hidden-internethttps://www.the-scientist.com/features/plant-talk-38209Whether or not you think this should qualify as a form of “intelligence” as we know it (which in itself as a pretty nebulous and poorly defined thing), plants exhibit complicated interactive behaviors that help them grow and thrive, and the way we harvest a lot of them for our produce just doesn’t even give them a chance to reach their maturity and begin trading nutrients the way they’re supposed to.

bogleech: revretch: awed-frog: Prairies are some of the most endangered ecosystems in the world, with the tallgrass prairie being the...