201 TE thecarefree Austria-Hungary also known as the Austro-Hungarian Empire Austro-Hungarian monarchy or kuk Monarchy more formally known as the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council and the Lands of the Holy Hungarian Crown of Saint Stephen was a constitutional monarchic union between the crowns of the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary in Central Europe The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 under which the House of Habsburg agreed to share power with the separate Hungarian government dividing the territory of the former Austrian Empire between them The Austrian and the Hungarian lands became independent entities enjoying equal status Austria-Hungary was a multinational realm and one of the world’s great powers at the time The dual monarchy existed for 51 years until it dissolved on 31 October 1918 before a military defeat on the Italian front of the First World War In the autumn of 1918 the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy collapsed In the capital cities of Vienna and Budapest the leftist and liberal movements and politicians the opposition parties strengthened and supported the separatism of ethnic minorities These leftist or left-liberal pro-Entente maverick parties opposed the monarchy as a form of government and considered themselves internationalist rather than patriotic Eventually the German defeat and the minor revolutions in Vienna and Budapest gave political power to the leftliberal political parties As it became apparent that the Allied powers of the British Empire France Italy and the United States would win World War I nationalist movements which had previously been calling for a greater degree of autonomy for various areas started pressing for full independence Meme
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